CLUJ the Treasure City
The National Theatre and Opera
  The National Theatre and Opera head  
The architectural monument that hosts nowadays the National Theatre and Opera was built in 1904, at the border of the Austro-Hungarian Empire of the time, and designed by Austrian architects Helmer and Fellper. The National Theatre and Opera is one of the main cultural institutions of the city.

The style of the Theatre, specific for the beginning of the XXth century, is Baroque with Rococo influences. The elements of the façade are integrated in an elegant harmony, with three arched portals and two low towers. Three sculpted chariots, each pulled by three lions and an allegoric figure holding a palm above the head, top the towers.

The Theatre has 1028 seats, in two main halls. The Main House may receive 928 spectators at one time, while the recently opened Euphorion Studio may receive 100.

The State Theatre was established on the 18th of September 1919, after the Great Union (1918), under the leadership of Zaharia Barsan.
It was inaugurated on the 1st of December 1919. The repertoire was mainly a classical one, but later, under the leadership of Victor Papilian, a current of modernism took over.
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The National Theatre and Opera
The National Theatre and Opera
An aftermath of the Treaty of Vienna, in 1940, is the moving of the National Theatre and Opera to Timisoara, returning to Cluj in 1945. The communist period will bring about numerous cut-offs and restrictions, yet the subsequent period was also affected by setbacks and successful representations. However, the theatre was the point of departure for many well renowned Romanian artists, to mention only Dorel Visan, Silvia Ghelan, Anton Tauf, directors Mihai Maniutiu, V. I. Frunza and a place where the new talents of the Theatre Section of the Faculty of Letters where shaped.

The National Opera was established on the 23rd of July 1921, having staged, in the course of time, over 99 classical opera shows, to name only “Aida”, by Verdi, “Cavalleria rusticana”, by Mascagni, “Tannhauser”, by R. Wagner, as well as Romanian repertoire. The Cluj stage also housed over 200 operas, operettas and ballets. Many singers who performed on the Cluj stage are nowadays great names of the world: Angela Gheorghiu, Felicia Fillip, Lya Hubic and many others.

National Theatre Address: Stefan cel Mare Square
The National Theatre and Opera
The National Theatre and Opera
The National Theatre and Opera
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