CLUJ the Treasure City
The National Theatre and Opera

The National Theatre

The architectural monument that hosts nowadays the National Theatre was built in 1904, at the border of the Austro-Hungarian Empire of the time, and designed by Austrian architects Helmer and Fellper. The National Theatre is one of the main cultural institutions of the city.

The architectural style of the Theatre, specific for the beginning of the XXth century, is Secession with Baroque influences. The elements of the façade are integrated in an elegant harmony, with three arched portals and two low towers. Three sculpted chariots, each pulled by three lions and an allegoric figure holding a palm above the head, top the towers.

The Theatre has 1028 seats, in two main halls. The Main House may receive 928 spectators at one time, while the recently opened Euphorion Studio may receive 100.

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The National Theatre and Opera
The National Theatre and Opera
The State Theatre was established on the 18th of September 1919, after the Great Union (1918), under the leadership of Zaharia Barsan.
It was inaugurated on the 1st of December 1919. The repertoire was mainly a classical one, but later, under the leadership of Victor Papilian, a current of modernism took over.

An aftermath of the Treaty of Vienna, in 1940, is the moving of the National Theatre to Timisoara, returning to Cluj in 1945. The communist period will bring about numerous cut-offs and restrictions, yet the subsequent period was also affected by setbacks and successful representations. However, the theatre was the point of departure for many well renowned Romanian artists, to mention only Dorel Visan, Silvia Ghelan, Anton Tauf, directors Mihai Maniutiu, V. I. Frunza and a place where the new talents of the Theatre Section of the Faculty of Letters where shaped.

National Theatre Address: Stefan cel Mare Square
The National Theatre and Opera
The National Theatre and Opera
The National Theatre and Opera
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